The oldest formal child-placing agency in the United States, founded in 1853 by the Reverend Charles Brace; still in existence today in New York City.
Brace formed the organization to help the thousands of homeless children who roamed the streets of New York. He initiated the ORPHAN TRAIN program, which sent an estimated 150,000 children to families in the West, Midwest and other areas outside New York.
Leslie Wheeler, "The Orphan Trains," American History Illustrated, vol. 18, December 1983.
Find more information on Children's Aid Society of New York
©2000 by Christine Adamec and William Pierce, Ph.D. Reprinted from The Encyclopedia of Adoption, 2nd Edition (2nd Edition) with permission of Facts On File, Inc.
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