Although states set their own adoption laws, the federal government also plays a role in adoption, particularly in the area of SPECIAL NEEDS. In order for states to receive federal funds, they are supposed to comply with federal regulations on the length of time children may spend in FOSTER CARE before returning to their parents or being placed for adoption. The federal government also provides funds for adoption SUBSIDIES, MEDICAID and numerous other entitlements. (See also ADOPTION ASSISTANCE AND FAMILY WELFARE ACT OF 1980; ADOPTION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM; INCOME TAX DEDUCTIONS; INDIAN CHILD WELFARE ACT OF 1978; U.S. IMMIGRATION AND NATURALIZATION SERVICE.)
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©2000 by Christine Adamec and William Pierce, Ph.D. Reprinted from The Encyclopedia of Adoption, 2nd Edition (2nd Edition) with permission of Facts On File, Inc.
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