A form of adoption, also known as "adoption simple," based on the Napoleonic code; present in some countries in Latin America and former French colonies.
A simple adoption does not lead to a complete dissolution of the ties with the biological family and corresponds most closely to INFORMAL ADOPTION or legal guardianship in the United States. Simple adoption is differentiated from informal adoption in that legal action must be taken to achieve the simple adoption. This and other old approaches are receiving new attention in the United States by some influential people in the field of adoption, notably Reuben Pannor and Annette Baran, who have called for their equivalents to be established in the United States.
Annette Baran and Reuben Pannor, "A Time for Sweeping Change," fax copy of article sent to Orphan Voyage, June 1990.
J.H.A. van Loon, Report on Intercountry Adoption, paper presented at Hague Conference on Private International Law Intercountry, The Hague, Netherlands, April 1990, 23-24.
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©2000 by Christine Adamec and William Pierce, Ph.D. Reprinted from The Encyclopedia of Adoption, 2nd Edition (2nd Edition) with permission of Facts On File, Inc.
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